High quality teaching and learning in P.E at Kingmoor Nursery and Infant School.
At Kingmoor Nursery and Infant School we promote physical education as part of a whole school approach to better health and wellbeing. Physical Education develops pupils’ physical competence and confidence and their ability to use these to perform in a range of activities. It promotes physical skilfulness, physical development and the knowledge of the body in action. Physical Education provides opportunities for pupils to be creative, competitive and to face up to different challenges as individuals and in groups and teams. It promotes understanding and positive attitudes towards active and healthy lifestyles. Physical Education provides the opportunity to appreciate the skills of others and to rationalise success and failure.
• Develop the competence to excel at a broad range of physical activities
• Spend enough time (per day) engaged in physical activity
• Participate in competitive sports
• Know how to lead a healthy and active lifestyle
• Get the support needed to be resilient and aspirational
• Have a good understanding of fair play, cooperation and respect.
Movement content is the cornerstone of physical education. It includes the fundamental movement knowledge of stability, locomotion and object control, progressing to specialised skills like games, gymnastics and dance.
• Stability – involves the body balancing either in one place (static) or while in motion (dynamic).
• Locomotion – involves the body moving in any direction from one point to another. Examples include walking, running, jumping, skipping, crawling, galloping, hopping, leaping, climbing.
• Object control – involves manipulating and controlling objects with the hand, the foot or an implement (stick, bat or racket).
Examples include forehand drive in tennis, putt in golf, strike in rounders, push pass in hockey. (Manipulating objects with an implement is more difficult than manipulating with body parts.)
All movements may be adapted in the following four ways:
• What the body can do (body): different movements (e.g. jumping, skipping, rolling, waving, nodding).
• How the body can move (effort): time (fast, slow, medium); effort (strong, light, firm, soft) and flow (e.g. jerkily, smoothly).
• Where the body can move (space): levels (high, medium, low); directions (forwards, backwards, sideways) and pathways (e.g. curved, straight, zig zag).
• With whom or what the body moves (relationships): with objects (in front of, behind, beside, under, over, through) or with others (e.g. in front of, behind, beside, following, leading, meeting or parting, in unison, in canon).
We will teach tactics and strategy and promote leadership, team work and collaboration. We will recognise the importance of having a healthy lifestyle and how our bodies change during exercise.
We encourage the physical development of our children in the Early Years classes as an integral part of their work. We encourage the children to develop confidence and control of the way they move, and the way they handle tools and equipment. We give all the children the opportunity to undertake activities that offer appropriate physical challenge, both indoors and outdoors, using a wide range of resources to support specific skills. Nursery children have daily access to our core strength area to develop their strength and gross motor skills.
Reception and KS1
All children in KS1 experience 2 PE sessions a week and Reception start with 1 session a week and lead up to 2 sessions during the year. This gives the children an opportunity to try out a range of different activities from fundamental skills, games, athletics, dance and gymnastics. This allows the children to work individually and in small groups; develop fundamental movement skills and learn through progressive games with an emphasis on fun and participation.
Pupils should develop fundamental movement skills, become increasingly competent and confident and access a broad range of opportunities to extend their agility, balance and coordination, individually and with others. They should be able to engage in competitive (both against self and against others) and co-operative physical activities, in a range of increasingly challenging situations.
Pupils should be taught to:
• master basic movements including running, jumping, throwing and catching, as well as
• developing balance, agility and co-ordination, and begin to apply these in a range of activities
• participate in team games, developing simple tactics for attacking and defending
• perform dances using simple movement patterns.
We enrich our P.E curriculum through use of our outdoor area and climbing equipment. Both Key Stage 1 and Early Years have access to a vast outdoor space and we offer intervention through our core strength ‘jungle’ area, balanceability sessions, healthy movers and smart moves programme. Throughout the year we offer children opportunities to try a range of alternative sports such as wheelchair basketball and having external specialised coaches coming into school to teach P.E sessions. We have a sports day each year to promote engagement in a competitive. Year 1 children attend swimming sessions for one term to develop their water confidence and to begin to develop their swimming skills.
Mental Health and Wellbeing
We use every aspect of our curriculum to promote positive mental health. P.E gives us an opportunity to engage and interest children through their physical development. Physical health and mental wellbeing are interlinked, and it is important that pupils understand that good physical health contributes to good mental wellbeing, and vice versa. P.E offers an excellent opportunity to encourage children to be physically active which will support their good mental health. Team games in P.E is used to support children to connect with each other as they collaborate and develop relationships.
- We will know that children have developed their physical literacy through termly assessments to track their progress.
- Children will be able to demonstrate a range of fundamental movement skills with competence and confidence, which displays their agility, balance and coordination, individually and with others.
- Children will have an understanding of competitiveness and the ability to work as a team, apply appropriate tactics and strategies and an understanding of leadership.
- Children will have the knowledge of the importance of a healthy lifestyle.